Advanced Technology and Particle Physics by M. Barone

By M. Barone

Court cases of the seventh foreign convention on ICATPP-7, held October 15-19, 2001 in Villa, Olmo, Como, Italy. good points modern know-how purposes to radiation detection.

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The accuracy enable to resolve ocean loading effects (curve i and ii correspond to residual compare to models with or without ocean loading taken into account). s"1) Figure 2. Schematic of the atomic Sagnac interferometer at Yale 9 on left. Individual signals from the outputs of the two interferometer(gray lines), and difference of the two signals corresponding to a pure rotation signal (black line) versus rotation rate. It should be noted that this phase shift does not depend on the atomic initial velocity or on the mass of the particle.

The Optics. The optical system required for EUSO aims at finding the best compromise in the optical design, taking into account the suitability for space application in terms of weight, dimensions and resistance to the strains in launch and orbital conditions. 8 km2 ground pixels: this determines the detector size to be adopted to observe the events. The forgiving resolution requirements of EUSO suggest the consideration of unconventional solutions, identified in the Fresnel lens technology. Fresnel lenses provide large-aperture and wide-field with drastically reduced mass and absorption.

The detector requirements of low power consumption, low weight, small dimension, fast response time, high quantum efficiency in UV wavelength (300-400 nm), single photoelectron sensitivity, limit the field of the possible choices to a very few devices. A suitable off-the-shelf device is the Multi-Anode Photomultiplier Harnamatsu R5900 series. These commercial photomultipliers meet closely the requirements imposed by the project. Pixel size, weight, fast time response and single photoelectron resolution are well adaptable to the EUSO focal surface detector.

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